Book Group: Brideshead Revisited

Three different copies of Brideshead Revisited.

Interpretations of Brideshead Revisited

On Saturday 25th January 2014, the whole group met for the first time at Leicester Central Library to discuss Brideshead Revisited. This is a novel whose reputation goes before it, and those of us who hadn’t encountered it before didn’t know what to expect – but nevertheless knew they didn’t quite get what they were expecting. Some found the characters unsympathetic, though Sebastian came out well. Even more surprising was the thought that, when the book was first published in 1945, it was accused of being Catholic “propaganda”. Why, some of us wondered, when most of the characters end up miserable?

That¬†question led us down a theological pathway, taking in as we went the idea that, for Waugh, faith might have been a matter of surrender or succumbing to the inevitable¬†rather than a source of unbridled joy. This could be the message behind two of the novel’s most striking metaphors (and there are many, many metaphors): the wayward Catholic called back to God witha ‘twitch upon the thread’ and the fur trapper tidying his hut in blissful ignorance that, outside, an avalanche gathers that will crash down the mountainside and engulf him.

Front cover of Mad World by Paula Byrne

Paula Byrne’s Mad World explores Waugh’s relationship with the Lygon family.

Ian brought along a copy of Paula Byrne’s marvellous Mad World, a chronicle of Waugh’s friendship with the Lygon family on whom the Flytes are apparently based. This led us to discuss how much of Waugh’s work is drawn from life, and prompted us to choose Decline and Fall (1928) as our next book. This is Waugh’s first published novel, which has its roots in the screamingly funny diary the writer kept whilst working as a schoolmaster at Wales’ unspectacular Arnold House.

We also debated the nature of Charles’ relationship with Sebastian and, subsequently, with Sebastian’s sister Julia. Generally it was felt that Julia was a pale shadow of a character compared to her younger brother, with some suggesting that Charles was only interested in her – however subconsciously – as a poor substitute for his first love. Others viewed the young men’s relationship more symbolically, believing its beauty and purity to stem from the innocence and possibility of youth. The more worldly, careworn Julia was a fitter companion for Charles’ own, cynical, middle years.

Geoffrey gave us a unique insight into youth at Oxford, comparing his experiences as an undergraduate just after WW2 with Sebastian and Charles’ in the novel. He spoke of the difficulty ex-servicemen had in returning to a university culture after war and national service life, but remembered them mixing happily enough with boys fresh from school. And while Oxford was again experiencing a post-war explosion of decadence and misrule, there was a crucial difference between Geoffrey and Charles’ experience. By the time Geoffrey began his studies, women were becoming a small but ever more visible part of undergraduate life. The boys’ club of the twenties was beginning, just, to open up.

The Waugh Book Group is open to all ages and all backgrounds, and everyone brings a unique perspective to the books we read. If you’d like to join us, please email

Members of the Evelyn Waugh Book Group

Members of The Book Group at Leicester Central Library

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Barbara Cooke

About Barbara Cooke

Research Associate for the Complete Works of Evelyn Waugh project.

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